The full meaning of IBS is irritable bowel disease. IBS is not a one symptom condition but instead it is characterized by many symptoms. IBS manifests itself as abdominal pain and also the changes of the bowel movement. These changes in the pattern of the bowel movements usually have no evidence of underlying damage. This condition is characterized by several symptoms. These symptoms include bloating, swelling of the stomach, flatulence, and passing out of mucus through the bottom among others. Some of the patients with IBS use the toilets frequently. They also have a feeling that they have not fully relieved themselves after using the toilet. Pain during sex, lack of energy and headaches are the other symptoms of this condition.
The occurrence of the above symptoms calls for the attention of general practitioner. The cause of the symptoms can, therefore, be established. IBS is treated using a number of drugs. The lifestyle changes are used to complement the control of the symptoms using the medicines. The medication of this condition is usually prescribed to treat severe pain, diarrhea or constipation. There are several medicines that can be used to treat IBS. The most troublesome symptom has the greatest influence on the medicine to be prescribed. These drugs are very helpful.
The categorizing of the drugs used to treat IBS is based upon the major symptom of the disease. The following are the medicines used in the treatment of IBS. The first category is the diarrhea medicines. These medicines are used to treat severe diarrhea. Even with the home treatment, severe diarrhea does not improve. The antidiarrheal drugs and the bile acid agents fall under this category. The constipation medicines are the next group. This is a medication for serious constipation. These drugs are the next option if constipation persists even after home treatments. Examples of these medicines include osmotic laxatives and nonabsorbable sugars.
The above two categories are the most common type of medications used in the treatment of IBS. This is mainly because diarrhea and constipation are the major symptoms of IBS. However, there are also some other medicines used to treat IBS. One of them is the pain and cramp medicines. These medicines are used to treat the long-term pain and cramping. These are usually recommended for those patients with long-term pain and cramping as the most troublesome symptom. There are a number of drugs that make this category. Examples are the anticholinergic and the antidepressants as well.
Finally, there are those drugs that are used when depression is the most troublesome symptom. There are those patients who experience anxiety and depression as a result of IBS. Similar to the other categories, there are group of drugs that fall under this category as well. These include the antidepressants and the antianxiety agents. There are the specific drugs that are used as either antidepressants or antianxiety.