The word hydroponics is obtained from the ancient Greek term, “hydros,” which means water, and “ponos,” which means work. It is sometimes mistakenly referred to as aquaculture, or aquiculture, although these two terms have practically nothing to do with gardening.
As the global population soars and available land for crop production diminishes, hydroponics will be our lifeline, giving us the opportunity to produce crops in multilevel agricultural buildings or in greenhouses.
Hydroponics is defined as the process of growing plants in a nutrient-infused water based solution. Hydroponics does not involve soil; instead, its root system is supported with perlite, rockwool, peat moss, vermiculite or any suitable inert medium. The main premise behind hydroponics is to let the plants roots get in direct contact with the nutrient solution, while at the same time giving it access to oxygen, an essential requirement for proper growth.
Before starting your garden, it’s always best to know more about hydroponics.
Advantages of Hydroponics
Hydroponics offers plenty of advantages, the most important being a significantly higher rate of plant growth. With the right setup, you can have your plants maturing up to 25% faster and producing up to 30% more compared to growing them in soil.
This is essentially because plants don’t have to work so much to access their required nutrients. With a small root system, the plants can get all the nutrients they need and concentrate on growing upward, rather than downward expanding the root system.
This is only possible though if you control your nutrient solution carefully, along with its pH levels. As well, a hydroponic system calls for less water compared to soil-based plants since the system is enclosed, which means there is less evaporation. And of course, hydroponics is better for the environment, thanks to its reduced waste and pollution coming from soil runoff.
Hydroponics is a perfect choice for any type of growers. That’s because you can precisely control the variables that are involved in your plants’ growth. Comparing it with a plant-based garden, a well-maintained hydroponic system can easily impress in terms of amount of yield and plant quality.
If you dream of growing the largest, juiciest, tastiest plants, hydroponics is surely for you. It does seem intimidating at first when you think of all that equipment and work required, but once you get the hang of it, you will find that it’s actually easier than you thought. What will seal your success as a newbie is reading as much as you can about hydroponics and, if possible, talking to a pro.